- Yeasts are fungal infections. Most yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of the Candida albicans
- Candida albicans is usually present in the vagina and is normally found in the mouth, digestive tract and on the skin. But it can overgrow in certain conditions.
- Yeast infection is common in women, 2 out of every 3 women will suffer this infection in a life time. About 75%, Of women will have at least one vaginal yeast infection with symptoms at some point, and almost half will have two or more.
- It is not a sexually transmitted infection, though when you have it you can spread it during sex. But there is a rare (about 15%) chance that men can develop symptoms (an itchy rash on the penis) after unprotected sex with an infected woman. Uncircumcised men have a greater risk of developing a rash.
- The most common symptom is to itching in the vaginal area.
- Other symptoms include a burning sensation, soreness, pain during intercourse and/or during urination, and a thick, white, vaginal discharge.
- Certain medications — including birth control pills, some antibiotics, and steroids — can change the acidic balance of the vagina and encourage the growth of yeast, which can lead to a vaginal infection.
- A recurrent yeast infection is defined as four or more infections in one year. Recurrent yeast infections may be related to other medical conditions, such as diabetes or HIV, and may require a doctor’s care. They can also be caused by yeast that are resistant to anti fungal medications.
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